Table of Contents
Week 1 | English Grammar
Week 2 | English Grammar
Week 3 | English Grammar
Week 4| English Grammar
Week 5| English Grammar
Week 6| English Grammar
Week 7| English Grammar
Week 8| English Grammar
Week 9| English Grammar
Week 10| English Grammar
Week 11| English Grammar
Week 12| English Grammar
Week 13| English Grammar
- You either have the active voice or passive voice.
The active voice is the most common. It expresses the action of a verb directly linking it to the person or thing carrying out the action.
E.g The police hit the rioter. (=ACTIVE)
police = thing carrying out the action/subject
hit = action/verb
rioter = object
- The passive voice changes the focus of the sentence by re-ordering the elements.
The subject is acted upon the verb.
E.g The rioter was hit by the police. (=PASSIVE)
rioter = in the active voice this is the object, but in the passive voice this becomes the subject and is emphasised more
hit = passive verb
by the police = thing doing the action
Comparisons of active and passive
- Mum cleans my bedroom every day. (=ACTIVE)
- My bedroom is cleaned by mum every day. (=PASSIVE)
- Thomas ate fish and chips for dinner. (=ACTIVE)
- At dinner, fish and chips were eaten by Thomas. (=PASSIVE)
- My brother washed the dishes. (=ACTIVE)
- The dishes were washed by my brother. (=PASSIVE)
- Dad won the swimming competition. (=ACTIVE)
- The swimming competition was won by dad. (=PASSIVE)
- Susan read all the Harry Potter books in one day. (=ACTIVE)
- The Harry Potter books were read by Susan in one day. (=PASSIVE)
- Dina Tokio posted a video on YouTube. (=ACTIVE)
- The video was posted on Youtube by Dina Tokio. (=PASSIVE)
- My sister emailed the homework to my teacher. (=ACTIVE)
- The homework was emailed to my teacher by my sister. (=PASSIVE)
- The teacher teaches the student. (=ACTIVE)
- The students are taught by the teacher (=PASSIVE)
The passive is –
|Present simple||Am/is/are (not)||Past participle|
|Past simple||Was/were (not)||Past participle|
Most of the time you can identify the passive because it is followed with ‘by’
Passive + by
E.g The dress was made by Alexander McQueen.
She was pushed off her bike by a stranger.
The picture was drawn by my little sister.
- Lemonade is made from lemons.
- I am invited to George’s house.
- She is scared of her teacher.
- My bedroom is cleaned by a cleaner.
- My car is broken.
- They are never invited to parties.
- We aren’t allowed to eat sweets during the week.
- She was lost.
- The house was built 3 years ago.
- The food was ordered by Brian.
- The cake was not made by me.
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|It is snowing.|
|I will clean my bedroom on Friday night.|
|My sister painted a picture of a flower.|
|The teachers enjoyed the cake I made.|
|No one listened to the plan that I suggested.|
|The science class found the lesson boring|
2. Label which of the following sentences are present simple or past simple.
|They are never invited to parties.|
|Lemonade is made from lemons.|
|The house was built 3 years ago.|
|We aren’t allowed to eat sweets during the week.|
|I am invited to George’s house.|
|The cake was not made by me.|
|She is scared of her teacher.|
|She was lost.|
|My bedroom is cleaned by a cleaner.|
|My car is broken.|
|The food was ordered by Brian.|
3. Use the appropriate words in the missing gaps.