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Table of Contents

Week 1 | English Grammar

Day 1| Auxiliary verbs

Day 2 |Am/is/are

Day 3 |Am/is/are Questions

Day 4 |I am doing (present continuous)

Day 5 |Are you doing? (present continuous questions)

Day 6 |I do/work/like (present simple)(present continuous questions)

Week 2 | English Grammar

Day 1 |I don't... (present simple negative)

Day 2 |Do you...? (present simple questions)

Day 3 |I am doing (present continuous) I do (present simple)

Day 4 |I have... and I've got...

Day 5 |Was/were

Day 6 |Worked/got/went etc (past simple)

Week 3 | English Grammar

Day 1 |I didn't... did you...? (past simple negative and questions)

Day 2 |I was doing (past continuous)

Day 3 |I was doing (past continuous) and I did (past simple)

Day 4 |I have done (present perfect 1)

Day 5 |I've just... I've already... I haven't...yet (present perfect 2)

Day 6 |Have you ever...? (present perfect 3)

Week 4| English Grammar

Day 1 |How long have you...? (present perfect 4)

Day 2 |For, since, ago

Day 3 |I have done (present perfect) and I did (past)

Day 4 |Is done, was done (passive 1)

Day 5 |Is being done, has been done (passive 2)

Day 6 |Be/have/do in present and past tenses

Week 5| English Grammar

Day 1 |Regular and irregular verbs

Day 2 |What are you doing tomorrow?

Day 3 |I'm going to...

Day 4 |Will/shall (1)

Day 5 |Will/shall (2)

Day 6 |Might

Week 6| English Grammar

Day 1 |Can and could

Day 2 |Must, mustn't, don't, need to

Day 3 |Should

Day 4 |I have to

Day 5 |Would you like...?

Day 6 |Do this! Don't do that! Let's do that

Week 7| English Grammar

Day 1 |I used to...

Day 2 |There is... There are...

Day 3 |There was/were... There has/have been... There will be...

Day 4 |It...

Day 5 |I am, I don't

Day 6 |Have you? Are you? Don't you? etc

Week 8| English Grammar

Day 1 |Too/either/so am I/neither do I etc

Day 2 |Isn't/haven't/don't etc (negatives)

Day 3 |Do they? Is it? Have you?

Day 4 |Forming questions (who/what/why/where/when/which)

Day 5 |What...? Which...? How...?

Day 6 |How long does it take...?

Week 9| English Grammar

Day 1 |Do you know where...? I don't know what... etc

Day 2 |He/she said that... He/she told me that...

Day 3 |Work/working Go/going Do/doing

Day 4 |I want you to... I told you to...

Day 5 |I went to the shop to...

Day 6 |Go to... Go on... Go for... Go -ing... Get…

Week 10| English Grammar

Day 1 |Get...

Day 2 |Do and make

Day 3 |Have...

Day 4 |I/me He/him They/them etc

Day 5 |My/his/their etc

Day 6 |Whose is this? It's mine/yours/hers etc

Week 11| English Grammar

Day 1 |Myself/yourself/themselves etc

Day 2 |A/an...

Day 3 |Singular & plural

Day 4 |The...

Day 5 |Go to...

Day 6 |This/that/these/those

Week 12| English Grammar

Day 1 |Some & any

Day 2 |All/most/some/any/no/none etc

Day 3 |Adjectives

Day 4 |Adverbs

Day 5 |Imperatives

Day 6 |And but or so because

Week 13| English Grammar

Day 1 |When...

Day 2 |If we go... if you see... etc

Day 3 |If I had... If we went... etc

Day 4 |A person who... A thing that/which (relative clauses 1)

Day 5 |How long have you…?(present perfect 4)

Day 6 |For since ago

Can and Could


Can is a modal verb.
can + infinitive

When ‘can’ is used in sentences it expresses possibility and ability. Saying ‘I can do something’ shows I know how to do it (- ability) or that it is possible for me to do it.

Pronoun Example:
I Can I can see you.
We Can We can play in the garden.
You Can You can help me cook dinner.
They Can They can come over.
He Can He can go to the party.
She Can She can watch television.
It Can The computer is messed up. It can stop working.
Pronoun Example:
I Cannot / Can’t I am busy. I cannot ring you right now.
We Cannot / Can’t We cannot eat dinner until we’ve cleaned our room.
You Cannot / Can’t You can’t go to Emma’s house.
They Cannot / Can’t They cannot do the homework.
He Cannot / Can’t He can’t drive because he hasn’t passed his test.
She Cannot / Can’t She can’t swim.
It Cannot / Can’t My phone is broken. It cannot turn on.

When we are talking in the past we use could/couldn’t
Examples:

  • When I was younger, I couldn’t ride a bike, but now I can.
  • When I was in high school, I could run really fast.
  • My mum is from Spain. Before she moved to England, she couldn’t speak English. She could only speak Spanish.
  • My teacher couldn’t read
  • Yesterday, in school Josh was speaking too fast so I couldn’t understand what he was saying.
  • She was so tired, but she couldn’t sleep.
  • The car was broken, so he couldn’t drive to work.
  • The family went out for dinner last night, but dad couldn’t come because he had an important meeting.
  • They couldn’t come shopping with us because they had a dentist appointment.
  • We couldn’t play outside because it was raining.
  • The door was locked so Emma couldn’t come inside.
  • When my parents were younger they could stay out till late, but we can’t.

Questions

When ‘can’ is used in questions it expresses asking for permission.

Example: Can I go to the toilet?

(This means that you are asking permission to leave the room and go the toilet.)

Questions Example:
Can I…? Can I go to grandma’s house?
Can we…? Can we play in the garden?
Can you…? Can you clean your room please?
Can they…? Can they come over on the weekend?
Can he…? Can he speak Spanish?
Can she…? Can she ride a bike?
Can it…? Can it glow in the dark?

We use Can you…? and Could you…? when we ask people to do things.

Examples:

Can you…? Could you…?
Can you open the window, please? Could you open the window, please?
Can you make your bed, please? Could make you bed, please?
Can you wait for me? Could you wait for me?
Can you lend me your lipstick? Could you lend me your lipstick?
Can you pay for me, please? Could you pay for me, please?
Can she…? Can she ride a bike?

We use Can I have…? or Could I have…? to ask for something.

Examples:

Can I have…? Could I have…?
Can I have £3 to buy some sweets? Could I have £3 to buy some sweets?
Can I have these cupcakes? Could I have these cupcakes?
Can I have this drink? Could I have this drink?

We use Can I…? or Could I…? to ask if it is okay to do something.

Examples:

Can I…? Could I…?
Can I borrow your top? Could I borrow your top?
Can I speak to mum? Could I speak to mum?
Can I draw a picture in your notebook? Could I draw a picture in your notebook?

 

 

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Can and Could Exercises


 

1. Use the infinitive verb given to complete the following sentences.
Infinitive verb Sentence:
Speak I can
Drive You can
Go He can
Eat She can
Play They can
Have We can

 
 

2. Create your own sentences
 

  • I can
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  • You cannot
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  • He cannot
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  • She can
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  • They can
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  • We cannot

 
 

 
3. Fill in the missing gaps.
 

can go, could play, couldn’t drive, can sleep, cannot, can swim, could have

 

  • The car was broken so dad to work.
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  • My mum so she took my little brother to the swimming baths.
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  • I to Saarah’s party but Louisa
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  • My parents said that I a big party for my birthday, but I don’t want to.
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  • They in the garden, but they didn’t want to go out because it was too cold.
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  • Emma at my house on Saturday night.

 

 

Challenge: create your own sentences using could/couldn’t in the past tense

 

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“Every accomplishment starts With the decision to try.” Gail Dever

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