Table of Contents
Week 1 | English Grammar
Week 2 | English Grammar
Week 3 | English Grammar
Week 4| English Grammar
Week 5| English Grammar
Week 6| English Grammar
Week 7| English Grammar
Week 8| English Grammar
Week 9| English Grammar
Week 10| English Grammar
Week 11| English Grammar
Week 12| English Grammar
Week 13| English Grammar
Can is a modal verb.
can + infinitive
When ‘can’ is used in sentences it expresses possibility and ability. Saying ‘I can do something’ shows I know how to do it (- ability) or that it is possible for me to do it.
|I Can||I can see you.|
|We Can||We can play in the garden.|
|You Can||You can help me cook dinner.|
|They Can||They can come over.|
|He Can||He can go to the party.|
|She Can||She can watch television.|
|It Can||The computer is messed up. It can stop working.|
|I Cannot / Can’t||I am busy. I cannot ring you right now.|
|We Cannot / Can’t||We cannot eat dinner until we’ve cleaned our room.|
|You Cannot / Can’t||You can’t go to Emma’s house.|
|They Cannot / Can’t||They cannot do the homework.|
|He Cannot / Can’t||He can’t drive because he hasn’t passed his test.|
|She Cannot / Can’t||She can’t swim.|
|It Cannot / Can’t||My phone is broken. It cannot turn on.|
When we are talking in the past we use could/couldn’t
- When I was younger, I couldn’t ride a bike, but now I can.
- When I was in high school, I could run really fast.
- My mum is from Spain. Before she moved to England, she couldn’t speak English. She could only speak Spanish.
- My teacher couldn’t read
- Yesterday, in school Josh was speaking too fast so I couldn’t understand what he was saying.
- She was so tired, but she couldn’t sleep.
- The car was broken, so he couldn’t drive to work.
- The family went out for dinner last night, but dad couldn’t come because he had an important meeting.
- They couldn’t come shopping with us because they had a dentist appointment.
- We couldn’t play outside because it was raining.
- The door was locked so Emma couldn’t come inside.
- When my parents were younger they could stay out till late, but we can’t.
When ‘can’ is used in questions it expresses asking for permission.
Example: Can I go to the toilet?
(This means that you are asking permission to leave the room and go the toilet.)
|Can I…?||Can I go to grandma’s house?|
|Can we…?||Can we play in the garden?|
|Can you…?||Can you clean your room please?|
|Can they…?||Can they come over on the weekend?|
|Can he…?||Can he speak Spanish?|
|Can she…?||Can she ride a bike?|
|Can it…?||Can it glow in the dark?|
We use Can you…? and Could you…? when we ask people to do things.
|Can you…?||Could you…?|
|Can you open the window, please?||Could you open the window, please?|
|Can you make your bed, please?||Could make you bed, please?|
|Can you wait for me?||Could you wait for me?|
|Can you lend me your lipstick?||Could you lend me your lipstick?|
|Can you pay for me, please?||Could you pay for me, please?|
|Can she…?||Can she ride a bike?|
We use Can I have…? or Could I have…? to ask for something.
|Can I have…?||Could I have…?|
|Can I have £3 to buy some sweets?||Could I have £3 to buy some sweets?|
|Can I have these cupcakes?||Could I have these cupcakes?|
|Can I have this drink?||Could I have this drink?|
We use Can I…? or Could I…? to ask if it is okay to do something.
|Can I…?||Could I…?|
|Can I borrow your top?||Could I borrow your top?|
|Can I speak to mum?||Could I speak to mum?|
|Can I draw a picture in your notebook?||Could I draw a picture in your notebook?|
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2. Create your own sentences
- I can
- You cannot
- He cannot
- She can
- They can
- We cannot
3. Fill in the missing gaps.
can go, could play, couldn’t drive, can sleep, cannot, can swim, could have
- The car was broken so dad to work.
- My mum so she took my little brother to the swimming baths.
- I to Saarah’s party but Louisa
- My parents said that I a big party for my birthday, but I don’t want to.
- They in the garden, but they didn’t want to go out because it was too cold.
- Emma at my house on Saturday night.
Challenge: create your own sentences using could/couldn’t in the past tense